Deploying a Go Application on Ubuntu Server

In this tutorial, we’ll go over the steps to deploy a Go application on an Ubuntu server.

Step 1: Install Go

First, we need to install Go on the server. Open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install golang-go

This will install the latest version of Go on your server. You can verify the installation by running go version.

Step 2: Set up GOPATH

Go requires a workspace directory where all Go projects will reside. To set this up, we need to set the GOPATH environment variable in the .bashrc file.

nano ~/.bashrc

Add the following line at the end of the file:

export GOPATH=$HOME/go

Save the file and run the following command to reload the .bashrc file:

source ~/.bashrc

Step 3: Copy the Application to the Server

We can copy the application to the server using scp. This allows us to transfer files over SSH.

scp <local_path_to_app> <username>@<server_ip>:<remote_path>

For example:

scp ~/go/src/app [email protected]:/root/go/src/

Step 3 (Alternate): Clone the Application from Git

If you are using Git, we can clone it directly to the server.

cd /root/
mkdir go
cd go/
git clone<username>/<repo>.git

Step 4: Build the Application

Once the application is copied, we can build it on the server.

cd app/cmd/backend/
go build

This will compile the application and create an executable binary file named after the main package.

Step 5: Set up a Systemd Service

To run the application as a service, we’ll set up a Systemd service. This ensures that the application runs automatically on startup and can be easily managed using the Systemd commands.

Create a new Systemd service file by running:

nano /etc/systemd/system/backend.service

Add the following content to the file:

Description=Go Application



Save and close the file. Then, run the following commands to reload the Systemd configuration and start the service:

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl start backend
systemctl enable backend

The application should now be running as a service on the server. You can check the status of the service using the systemctl status app command.

Step 6: Install Nginx

To install Nginx, run the following command:

sudo apt-get install nginx

Step 7: Configure Nginx as a Reverse Proxy

Create a new Nginx server block configuration file for your application:

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/backend

Add the following content to the file:

server {
    listen 80;

    location / {
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection 'upgrade';
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_cache_bypass $http_pragma;

Replace with your domain name or IP address, and <port> with the port on which your Go application is running.

Next, create a symbolic link to the configuration file in the sites-enabled directory:

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/backend /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

Step 8: Restart Nginx

Finally, restart Nginx for the changes to take effect:

sudo systemctl restart nginx

Your Go application should now be accessible via port 80. You can test it by visiting in a web browser.

Note: Make sure that the firewall on the server allows incoming connections on port 80. If not, you may need to configure the firewall to allow incoming traffic on port 80.

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